The Philippines was modeled after the systems of Spain and the United States until liberation in 1946. From that point on, a unique system was built.

Elementary education in the Philippines covers a wide curriculum. The core subjects (major subjects) include:
  • Mathematics,
  • Science,
  • English language,
  • Filipino language, and
  • Makabayan (which includes Social Studies, Livelihood Education, and Values Education).

Geography is part of the social studies in primary grades.
The curriculum includes both national and global content.