In the Middle School curriculum in 1922 and in grades 7, 8, and 9 in 1924, geography was taught for one hour weekly, and in grade 10, it was taught for two hours (G├╝rsoy, 1992). According to the First Geography Congress in 1941, geography was taught as General Geography in all grades of high school and was taught as Geography of Turkey in the 3rd Grades. This continued until the application of modern programs in 1973. In this decade, History, Geography and Citizenship lessons were integrated with Social Knowledge. However, in the 1974-1975 Academic Year, geography lessons were removed from the first grades. Moreover, some parts of the geography curriculum (such as physical geography of Turkey and neighbors of Turkey) were taken out of the geography syllabus
This continued until 1980, when changes in geography lessons were distributed to all highschool classes of like as in the 1975-1975 academic year. The topics are compiled asGeography 1 for General Geography, Geography 2 for Geography of the Countries and
Geography 3 for the Geography of Turkey.l


Primary Education

Education in Turkey is nationally controlled and aimed at producing a professional class of people for the nation. 8 years of primary education are mandatory for children beginning at age 7 and enrolment stands at almost 100%.

Secondary Education

From age 14 onwards young people are required to attend secondary school for a further 4 years. There are three types of high schools in Turkey. These are general (academic) schools, science schools, and vocational schools. The first two of these culminate with the National University Entrance Examination, while the latter produce job-ready employees.

They are currently undergoing education structural changes. 4x4x4

Grade 6-8 has been social science. 9-12 separates geography from history.